One such place is absolutely our main Q&A, the very same place you mention can sometimes be overwhelming in maths and physics. We don't cater merely to experts, but as our About goes, also to enthusiasts. Answers will inevitably follow comprehension demonstrated in questions, and yes, some will be fairly advanced, but there ought to be ways to ask new questions as follow-ups to them and requesting further clarification where needed.
Sometimes, asking for clarification or simpler rephrasing in the comments to answers should also do the trick, but do note that we consider comments transient and should ideally only discuss issues in contributions they're posted under, which would hopefully result in corrected / improved contribution itself. Simply asking a new question, linking to the question or answer that provides context and explaining what you find difficult to understand and why would be the preferable way.
Additional to our Q&A, we also maintain a fairly active chat room - The Pod Bay - where its regular dwellers will be glad to help you out, I'm sure. We also schedule chat events relevant to space exploration, which are mostly online and publicly accessible live events, from rocket launches, lectures, webinars, press conferences, panel discussions, and even senate and its various commissions hearings. All of that should also help in the easiest way possible to keep current with ongoing events and policies, while also being able to discuss them with your peers. Many of these events and conversations that followed also resulted in new questions or improved answers for our main Q&A.
TL;DR - Don't be shy in asking new questions, even if they seem a bit repetitive. One of the advantages of our Q&A format is that you can help shape answers so they fit your comprehension, as long as you take the time to explain in sufficient detail what answers are you looking for in the question itself. This personalization would also automatically make it not a duplicate. Just make sure that the questions you ask aren't too broad (which will only help you understand its answers, since it'll be easier for their authors to delve into details or answer follow-up questions in the comments), and on-topic for us. Also refer to How do I ask a good question? in our Help Center and How to ask great questions? here on Space Exploration Meta for many more suggestions.