I propose a broad discussion on a possible replacement to the current "close-reopen" (C-R) procedure, a quite detailed, not official, description of which can be found in this discussion.
As the C-R is used across SE sites, I propose we start discussing its potential replacement by the Space Exploration community, to kick-start a kind of bottom-up opinion-building.
The procedure described below aims at fulfilling the same objective as that of the C-R : a gateway to ensure that Questions meet the quality defined by the Community.
(numbers in  are examples)
All new questions (except spams and « duplicates »), shall go through a vetting process during which no answer is accepted. Spams and duplicates can be removed, either by a Bot or by an Elected Moderator, without going through this process.
Request-for-Comments period: The process begins with a period of [24 hours], during which no editing to the question is allowed. Those who believe the question doesn’t meet the required quality MUST submit at least one argumented comment during this period. They are called Reviewers. Reviewers are allowed to state « not rescuable» to signal the opinion that the question is too bad to be rescued. These are called Close Reviewers, otherwise they are Open Reviewers. Reviewers shall not be anonymous.
If no comment is expressed, the vetting process ends, the question is Approved and is opened to Answers. If all Reviewers are Close Reviewers, the vetting process ends, the question is Discarded.
Consolidation period: If there is at least one Open Reviewer, a Consolidation period of [24 hours] begins. During this period, the OP has the option between : (i) submit a revised question ; (ii) request and name an Open Reviewer as an Editor to assist in submitting a revised question on his behalf. All Open Reviewers can make suggestions to the Editor (or the OP). [6 hours] before Consolidation ends, no more edit is allowed. All Reviewers and the OP must agree between themselves which is the edited version submitted, [6 hours] before Consolidation ends. Any Reviewer can sustain an objection. Option (ii) must be exercized [18 hours] before the Consolidation ends.
At the end of the Consolidation period, if there is no disagreement between the OP and the Reviewers, and neither between Reviewers, the vetting process ends, the (revised) question is Approved and is opened to Answers.
Voting period (optional): If there is a lasting disagreement, within [6 hours] after the end of Consolidation, the OP has the option to ask for a vote. For this, the OP submits one final version of the question. Failing to do so results in the question being automatically discarded. The vote is between either Approve or Discard. Decision is by simple majority and is definitive. Any member can cast a vote, anonymously. The voting lasts [48 hours]. No intermediate statistics are published during the voting.
Elected Moderators play no special role in this process, but can make comment, perform edit and cast votes as any other members.
You are invited to express your opinions in the form of pseudo-"answers" to this pseudo-"question".
I am particularly looking for opinions that go in the direction that the proposal has drawbacks, with a demonstration why.
On the other hand, if you support the idea that the C-R process needs replacing, and can be replaced, I am interested in real experiences, possible use-cases, that can show (in your opinion of course) that the C-R is not fit to the purpose it is supposed to serve.
You are welcome to propose different procedures and/or to comment on any related matters you may see. The more comprehensive we cover the subject, the better.